The Spad VII, a French designed fighter airplane, made its initial flight in July 1916. It showed such promise that it was put into production at once, and by the latter part of 1916 it began to appear on the front in both French and British combat squadrons.

The airplane was an immediate success, primarily because of its structural ruggedness which permitted it to dive at high speeds without disintegrating.

The famed Lafayette Escadrille was using the Spad VII in February 1918 at the time it transferred from the French Aviation service to the Air Service, American Expeditionary Force (A.E.F.), and became the 103’d Aero Squadron.

Several other U.S. units also used the Spad VII, although most A.E.F. fighter squadrons were equipped with a slightly improved version, the Spad XIII, by the time the war ended in November 1918. Slightly more than 5,000 Spad VII’s were built, of which 189 were purchased by the A.E.F.