Count Mannlicher of Austria developed a magazine rifle similar to the Mauser Gewehr. However, the Mannlicher rifle involved placing the clip with the cartridges into the magazine, a spring then pushing the cartridges up within the clip. When the last round was in the breech, the clip would fall through an aperture in the bottom of the magazine. In 1891 the Italian Army incorporated Mannlicher’s ideas in the production of its Mannlicher-Carcano.